10 Canberra - AUSTRALIA

Robots draw a live 3D map of the Indian Ocean

From 10 to 16 July - Science

Although the Atlantic and Pacific oceans have been extensively explored, the Indian Ocean is less well known. To remedy this, an international UN program, led by Australia and India, is exploring this huge ocean floor using robots acting as analytical laboratories – but 2,000 meters below sea level. Developed by CSIRO, the Australian national science agency, these robots, known as BioArgos, will identify the biological and physical characteristics of the Indian Ocean with their multiple sensors. During a week in July, they will travel from Madagascar to Christmas Island following the currents. Scientists will be able to build a detailed real time 3D map of the ocean.